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Τρίτη, 16 Δεκεμβρίου 2014

Γιαζίντ Α΄

Από τη Βικιπαίδεια, την ελεύθερη εγκυκλοπαίδεια
(Ανακατεύθυνση από Γιαζίντ Α')
Ο Γιαζίντ Α' ιμπν Μαουίγια ιμπν Αμπού Σουφυάν يزيد بن معاوية بن أبي سفيان (Yazīd ibn Mu‘āwiya ibn Abī Sufyān), 20 Ιουλίου 647 - 14 Νοέμβρη 683 ήταν γιος και διάδοχος του πρώτου χαλίφη των ΟμεϋαδώνΜωαβία Α' και κυβέρνησε από το 680 μέχρι το 683.

Ο Γιαζίντ συνέχισε τον πόλεμο εναντίον των οπαδών του Αλή αμπού Ταλίμπ, που τώρα τους διοικούσε ο δευτερότοκος γιος του Αλή, Χουσεϊν ιμπν Άλι. Οι μουσουλμάνοι του Ιράκ, με την ευκαιρία του θανάτου του Μωαβία, ανακήρυξαν τον Χουσεϊνσε χαλίφη, και τον κάλεσαν να διοικήσει το χαλιφάτο από τη καινούρια πρωτεύουσά του, τη Κούφα. Ο Χουσεϊν έφυγε από τη Μέκκα με την οικογένειά του και 70 ακόμα συγγενείς του για να πάει στη Κούφα. 40 χλμ. έξω από τη πόλη, συνάντησε ένα απόσπασμα του Γιαζίντ, υπό την αρχηγία του στρατηγού του Ομπντάλλαχ.Στη μάχη που έγινε, οι πάντες σκοτώθηκαν, ένας προς έναν και έτσι ο Γιαζίντ στερέωσε την ολιγόχρονη κυριαρχία του.
Ο Γιαζίντ πέθανε πρόωρα το 683, σε ηλικία 36 χρονών, πέφτοντας από το άλογό του, αλλά το σώμα του - λέει η παράδοση- δεν βρέθηκε ποτέ. Τον διαδέχτηκε ο γιος του, Μωαβίας Β'[1].

Σημείωσεις[Επεξεργασία | επεξεργασία κώδικα]

  1. Άλμα πάνω Οι πληροφορίες προέρχονται από την αγγλική Wikipedia

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Showing countries 1 - 50 of 156. Arrows indicate comparison to the previous day's visitors. 
Page: 1 2 3 4 >
 Country    VisitorsChange
1. United States1,296                         -0.31%
2. Indonesia341                         +7.23%
3. United Kingdom316                         +7.85%
4. Brazil244                         +16.19%
5. India210                         +1.45%
6. Romania209                         -10.68%
7. Russia204                         -21.24%
8. Germany194                         -21.14%
9. Italy180                         -14.69%
10. Canada165                         -6.78%
11. Vietnam162                         +33.88%
12. China148                         -22.92%
13. Poland129                         -26.29%
14. Spain115                         -4.17%
15. France113                         -4.24%
16. Turkey99                         -29.79%
17. Philippines97                         +8.99%
18. Serbia97                         +4.30%
19. Pakistan92                         -17.86%
20. Netherlands86                         -9.47%
21. Singapore86                         +138.89%
22. Unknown - European Union73                         -17.05%
23. Thailand72                         +22.03%
24. Ukraine70                         -34.58%
25. Saudi Arabia68                         +30.77%
26. Australia67                         -11.84%
27. Taiwan64                         -1.54%
28. Hungary61                         -17.57%
29. Mexico59                         +25.53%
30. Algeria58                         -3.33%
31. South Korea56                         -5.08%
32. Malaysia54                         +25.58%
33. Greece52                         +0.00%
34. Portugal51                         -12.07%
35. Argentina51                         +50.00%
36. Egypt49                         -26.87%
37. Japan48                         -20.00%
38. Sweden46                         -31.34%
39. Morocco43                         +13.16%
40. Israel43                         -15.69%
41. Belgium39                         -17.02%
42. Bangladesh37                         +146.67%
43. Czech Republic33                         -35.29%
44. Switzerland33                         -17.50%
45. Denmark32                         +45.45%
46. United Arab Emirates30                         -3.23%
47. Croatia28                         -24.32%
48. Cambodia27                         +58.82%
49. Albania27                         +3.85%
50. Bosnia and Herzegovina26                         -55.17%
51. Finland26                         +73.33%
52. Norway25                         -13.79%
53. South Africa25                         +4.17%
54. Nigeria24                         +242.86%
55. Colombia24                         -22.58%
56. Belarus23                         +64.29%
57. Georgia23                         +76.92%
58. Bulgaria23                         -17.86%
59. Ireland23                         -30.30%
60. Chile22                         -21.43%
61. New Zealand21                         +110.00%
62. Peru21                         +61.54%
63. Macedonia20                         -20.00%
64. Austria19                         -45.71%
65. Latvia19                         -5.00%
66. Lithuania19                         -51.28%
67. Tunisia18                         -33.33%
68. Kazakhstan16                         +33.33%
69. Azerbaijan16                         +60.00%
70. Venezuela16                         -23.81%
71. Iraq16                         -5.88%
72. Slovakia16                         -54.29%
73. Moldova15                         -31.82%
74. Hong Kong14                         -33.33%
75. Sri Lanka13                         -23.53%
76. Estonia10                         +11.11%
77. Kuwait10                         +42.86%
78. Slovenia10                         -41.18%
79. Trinidad and Tobago10                         +42.86%
80. Jamaica                        +50.00%
81. Kenya                        +125.00%
82. Jordan                        +28.57%
83. Ecuador                        +0.00%
84. Cyprus                        +0.00%
85. Armenia                        -33.33%
86. Ethiopia                        +300.00%
87. Oman                        +40.00%
88. Palestinian Territory                        +133.33%
89. Angola                        +100.00%
90. Nepal                        -14.29%
91. Montenegro                        +100.00%
92. Dominican Republic                        -14.29%
93. Qatar                        -45.45%
94. The Bahamas                        +50.00%
95. Guatemala                        +200.00%
96. Puerto Rico                        -16.67%
97. Yemen                        +0.00%
98. Costa Rica                        -16.67%
99. Malta                        -20.00%
100. Mongolia                        -50.00%
101. Uzbekistan                        +100.00%
102. Senegal                        -33.33%
103. Panama                        +300.00%
104. Paraguay                        +100.00%
105. Mauritius                        +33.33%
106. Madagascar                        +300.00%
107. Nicaragua                        +200.00%
108. Ivory Coast                        +0.00%
109. Bahrain                        +0.00%
110. Uruguay                        -57.14%
111. Papua New Guinea                        +200.00%
112. Brunei                        +100.00%
113. Saint Lucia                        +200.00%
114. El Salvador                        +0.00%
115. Curacao                        +0.00%
116. Cameroon                        +0.00%
117. New Caledonia                        +200.00%
118. Afghanistan                        +0.00%
119. Luxembourg                        -66.67%
120. Honduras                        +200.00%
121. Togo                        +200.00%
122. Barbados                        +100.00%
123. Martinique                        -50.00%
124. Mozambique                        +0.00%
125. Bolivia                        +0.00%
126. Republic of the Congo                        +200.00%
127. Mali                        -33.33%
128. Ghana                        -33.33%
129. Fiji                        +200.00%
130. Syria                        +0.00%
131. Swaziland                        +100.00%
132. Mayotte                        +0.00%
133. Democratic Republic of the Congo                        +100.00%
134. Zambia                        +100.00%
135. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines                        +100.00%
136. Rwanda                        +100.00%
137. Burkina Faso                        +100.00%
138. Suriname                        +100.00%
139. Turkmenistan                        +100.00%
140. Laos                        +0.00%
141. Benin                        +100.00%
142. British Virgin Islands                        +100.00%
143. Virgin Islands                        +100.00%
144. Guadeloupe                        -75.00%
145. Grenada                        +100.00%
146. Macau                        +100.00%
147. Guinea                        +100.00%
148. Antigua and Barbuda                        +100.00%
149. Iceland                        -50.00%
150. Sudan                        -75.00%
151. Kyrgyzstan                        -50.00%
152. Isle of Man                        +100.00%
153. French Polynesia                        +100.00%
154. Tanzania                        -50.00%
155. Malawi                        +100.00%
156. Libya                        +100.00%